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The Babylonian Calendar

The Jewish Babylonian Calendar

Demons and false gods associated with

      The Jewish Babylonian Calendar



ANU = Sky Father Deity

BEL = BAAL = (associated with the demon Beelzebub) a male fertility god whose cult was widespread in ancient Phoenician and Canaanite lands.


EA = ENKI = Ea is the god of the fresh waters,  a god of wisdom, farming, building, magic and arts and crafts. Ea appears as a bearded man surrounded by flowing water.  Ea's symbols are the goat-fish and a sceptre with a ram's head.


SIN = EN-ZU = god of the moon, also called En-zu, which means "lord of wisdom".


TAMMUZ = a Mesopotamian god, lover of Ishtar and similar in some respects to the Greek Adonis. He became the personification of the seasonal death and rebirth of crops.


ISHTAR = a Babylonian and Assyrian goddess of love and war whose name and functions correspond to those of the Phoenician goddess Astarte.


SHAMASH = UTU = (Akkadian),  the god of the sun, who, with the moon god, Sin (Sumerian: Nanna), and Ishtar (Sumerian: Inanna), the goddess of Venus, was part of an astral triad of divinities. Shamash was the son of Sin.


MARDUK = the chief god of Babylon, who became lord of the gods of heaven and earth after conquering Tiamat, the monster of primeval chaos.


NERGAL = war god, solar deity, who also presides over the netherworld and death


PAPSUKKAL = the messenger god in the Akkadian pantheon who acts as both messenger and gatekeeper.


ERRA = IRRA = plague god. the god of mayhem and pestilence who is responsible for periods of political confusion. 


ASHUR = head of the Assyrian pantheon in Mesopotamian religion, "feather robed archer"












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